How to Propagate Monstera: A Step-by-Step Guide

Monstera deliciosa, also known as the Swiss cheese plant or simply monstera, is a popular and trendy houseplant loved for its unique, holey leaves and easy-care nature.

One of the most exciting aspects of owning a monstera is the opportunity to propagate it, creating new plants from your existing one.

Propagation allows you to expand your monstera collection, share plants with friends, or simply ensure the longevity of your beloved monster.

In this complete guide, we will delve deep into the world of monstera propagation, exploring various methods, tips, and tricks to help you successfully grow a thriving monstera family.

Why Propagate Monstera?

Before we dive into the details of how to propagate monstera, let’s briefly explore why you might want to propagate your monstera plant:

  1. Expansion: Propagation is an excellent way to grow your monstera collection without buying new plants. You can have multiple monstera plants throughout your home or garden.
  2. Gifts: Propagating monstera allows you to share your love for these stunning plants with friends and family by gifting them a new plant.
  3. Rescue Mission: Sometimes, a monstera might be struggling due to various reasons, such as overgrowth or damage. Propagation allows you to rescue healthy portions of the plant and start anew.
  4. Longevity: Monstera plants can grow quite large and may become unmanageable in your living space. Propagation can help you maintain a more manageable plant size while ensuring the original plant continues to thrive.

Now, let’s explore the various methods of propagating monstera and the step-by-step process for each.

Read: 10 Best Soil for Monstera Plants: Which Type is the Best?

How to Propagate Monstera: A Step-by-Step Guide

Methods of Monstera Propagation: Exploring Each Technique

Now that we’ve introduced the different methods of propagating a Monstera, let’s delve deeper into each technique to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the process.

1. Propagation via Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are the most common and reliable method for propagating Monstera plants. This technique involves taking a healthy stem from the parent plant and encouraging it to develop roots.

Here are some additional tips and details:

  • Choosing the Right Stem: When selecting a stem for propagation, opt for one that is healthy, mature, and free from any signs of disease or damage. Ensure it has several nodes, as these are essential for root development.
  • Tools for a Clean Cut: A clean, sharp knife or scissors is crucial for a successful stem cutting. Make a precise cut just below a node to ensure optimal chances of success.
  • Drying Time Importance: Allowing the cut end of the stem to air dry for a few hours is a crucial step. This process forms a protective callus, reducing the risk of rot once the cutting is placed in soil.
  • Rooting Hormone Application: While not mandatory, using a rooting hormone can expedite the root development process. Simply dip the cut end in rooting hormone before planting.
  • Patience is Key: After planting, it’s important to be patient. It can take several weeks or even months for roots to develop. Ensure the cutting is placed in a spot with bright, indirect light and maintain consistently moist soil.
  • Transplanting the Cutting: Once the cutting has established roots and grown a few leaves, it’s time to transplant it into a larger pot. Provide standard Monstera care for the newly propagated plant.

2. Propagation via Leaf Cuttings

Leaf cuttings offer another fascinating method to propagate Monstera plants, especially when you want to create more plants from a single leaf.

Here’s a more detailed look at the process:

  • Selecting the Right Leaf: Choose a mature, healthy leaf for cutting. Ensure it has prominent veins, as these are crucial for root development.
  • Cutting into Sections: Carefully cut the leaf into sections, ensuring each section has a vein running through it. These sections will serve as your cuttings.
  • Drying Time for Callusing: Allowing the cuttings to air dry for a few hours forms a callus, reducing the risk of rot. This step is essential for successful propagation.
  • Planting the Cuttings: Plant the dried leaf sections in a pot with well-draining soil, burying them about an inch deep. Planting multiple cuttings in the same pot increases the chances of success.
  • Light and Moisture: Place the pot in a spot with bright, indirect light and maintain consistently moist soil. Roots will develop over time, followed by new growth.
  • Transplanting New Plants: Once the new plants have grown sufficiently, transplant them into individual pots. Continue with standard Monstera care to ensure healthy growth.

3. Propagation via Aerial Roots

Monstera plants often develop aerial roots, which can be utilized for propagation. Here’s a more detailed guide on how to do it:

  • Identifying Mature Aerial Roots: Look for mature aerial roots growing from your Monstera. These roots are typically thicker and have tiny root hairs, indicating their readiness for propagation.
  • Safe Removal of the Aerial Root: Using clean scissors or a knife, carefully cut the aerial root from the parent plant. Ensure a clean cut to prevent any damage.
  • Planting the Aerial Root: Plant the severed aerial root in a pot with well-draining soil. Ensure it’s planted deep enough to cover the root completely.
  • Providing Proper Care: Place the pot in a spot with bright, indirect light and keep the soil consistently moist. The aerial root should develop into a new Monstera plant over time.

4. Propagation via Water

Water propagation is a visually appealing method to grow Monstera plants. Here’s a more detailed step-by-step guide:

  • Selecting a Healthy Cutting: Take a stem cutting with at least one node and place it in a clear glass container filled with water. Ensure the node is fully submerged.
  • Changing the Water Regularly: It’s important to change the water every few days to keep it fresh and oxygenated. You can also add a drop of liquid fertilizer to promote root growth.
  • Root Development: In a few weeks, you should observe roots emerging from the node. Wait until the roots are a few inches long and healthy before proceeding.
  • Transplanting into Soil: Once the roots are well-developed, transplant the cutting into a pot with well-draining soil. Continue with standard Monstera care to ensure healthy growth.

By understanding the nuances of each propagation method, you’ll be better equipped to choose the one that aligns with your preferences and resources.

Remember, regardless of the method chosen, patience and consistent care are the keys to successful Monstera propagation.

Read: Where to Cut Monstera for Propagation: Leaf & Stem Cutting.

Monstera Plant: Origin, Species, Care, & All

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Propagating Monstera

While propagating Monstera plants is an exciting endeavor, it’s important to be aware of common pitfalls that can hinder success.

By steering clear of these mistakes, you’ll significantly increase your chances of growing healthy, thriving Monstera offspring.

1. Overwatering

One of the most common mistakes when propagating Monstera plants is overwatering. Excessive moisture can lead to root rot, a serious condition that can be fatal to your cuttings or new plants. To avoid this, make sure to:

  • Use Well-Draining Soil: Opt for a well-draining potting mix specifically designed for houseplants. This allows excess water to drain away from the roots, preventing waterlogged conditions.
  • Establish a Watering Schedule: Only water when the top inch of soil is dry to the touch. Stick to a consistent watering schedule and adjust it based on the specific needs of your plant.
  • Monitor Drainage: Ensure that your pots have adequate drainage holes to allow excess water to escape freely.

Read: How Often to Water Monstera Plant?

2. Insufficient Light

Monstera plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Inadequate light can lead to weak, leggy growth, and may even prevent the development of healthy roots. To avoid this, consider the following:

  • Optimal Lighting Conditions: Place your Monstera cuttings or propagated plants in a spot with bright, indirect light. Avoid exposing them to harsh, direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.
  • Rotate for Even Growth: If possible, rotate your plants periodically to ensure all sides receive an equal amount of light. This encourages balanced and uniform growth.

3. Skipping the Callusing Step

When propagating Monstera through stem or leaf cuttings, skipping the callusing step is a common error. Callusing is crucial to prevent the cut ends from rotting once they are placed in soil. To avoid this oversight, follow these guidelines:

  • Patiently Allow Callusing: After taking stem or leaf cuttings, give them adequate time to air dry and form a callus. This usually takes a few hours but can vary depending on humidity levels.
  • Prevent Excess Moisture: During the callusing period, make sure the cut ends are kept dry. Avoid excessive humidity or moisture around the cuttings.

4. Impatience

Propagation, regardless of the method, requires patience. Many plant enthusiasts become eager to see results and may rush the process. Avoid this by:

  • Resisting the Urge to Transplant Prematurely: Once you see the first signs of root growth, it can be tempting to transplant your cuttings or propagated plants immediately. However, it’s essential to wait until the roots are well-established for better long-term success.
  • Maintaining Consistency: Stick to a consistent care routine and avoid making frequent changes in watering, lighting, or fertilizing. Sudden adjustments can stress the young plants.

5. Using Unhealthy Plant Material

Starting with unhealthy or diseased parent plants can lead to the propagation of weak or sickly offspring. Ensure your propagation material is in optimal condition by:

  • Inspecting the Parent Plant: Before taking cuttings or using aerial roots for propagation, carefully examine the parent plant. Look for any signs of disease, pests, or stress, and address these issues before propagating.
  • Selecting the Best Plant Parts: Choose stems, leaves, or aerial roots that are robust, disease-free, and free from damage. Healthy plant material provides a better chance for successful propagation.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can set the stage for successful Monstera propagation. Remember that patience and attention to detail are your allies in growing a healthy and thriving Monstera family.

With proper care and avoidance of these errors, you’ll be rewarded with a lush and beautiful collection of Monstera plants in your home or garden.

Read: Monstera Watering in Winter: A Complete Guide.

Some Additional Tips

Here are some additional tips to enhance your success in propagating Monstera plants:

  1. Maintain Consistent Humidity: Monstera plants thrive in environments with higher humidity levels. To create a more humid atmosphere, consider using a humidifier or placing a tray filled with water and pebbles near your plants.
  2. Use a Heat Mat (for stem cuttings): If you’re propagating Monstera through stem cuttings, using a heat mat under the pot can encourage root development. Keep it set to a low, consistent temperature to provide gentle warmth.
  3. Provide Support for Climbing Cuttings: If you’re propagating a climbing Monstera variety, consider using a moss pole or trellis to provide support for the cutting as it grows. This encourages upward growth and helps mimic its natural habitat.
  4. Monitor for Pests: Regularly inspect your propagated Monstera plants for any signs of pests, such as spider mites or aphids. Early detection and treatment can prevent infestations from taking hold.
  5. Avoid Disturbing the Cuttings: Once you’ve planted your cuttings, try to minimize unnecessary disturbances. Moving or jostling the cuttings can disrupt root development.
  6. Maintain Adequate Air Circulation: While Monstera plants enjoy high humidity, it’s also important to ensure good air circulation. This prevents stagnant air that can lead to mold or mildew issues.
  7. Consider a Rooting Chamber (for water propagation): To create a controlled environment for water propagation, consider using a clear plastic container with a lid. This helps maintain consistent moisture levels around the cutting.
  8. Label Your Cuttings: If you’re propagating multiple Monstera cuttings at once, it’s a good idea to label them. This way, you can keep track of each cutting’s progress and make adjustments as needed.
  9. Gradually Introduce to Sunlight: If you’re transitioning a rooted cutting from water to soil or relocating it to a spot with brighter light, do so gradually to prevent shock. Start with indirect light and gradually increase the exposure.
  10. Be Mindful of Seasonal Changes: Keep in mind that Monstera plants may have different growth patterns during different seasons. Adjust your care routine accordingly to accommodate their natural cycles.

Remember, every plant is unique, and it’s important to observe and respond to the specific needs of your propagated Monstera.

With these additional tips and the comprehensive guide provided earlier, you’ll be well-equipped to propagate and nurture a flourishing Monstera family.

Related FAQs:

1. Can I propagate a Monstera from a single leaf?

Yes, you can propagate a Monstera from a single leaf. Ensure that the leaf has a prominent vein, as this is essential for successful root development. Follow the leaf-cutting method outlined in the guide for detailed instructions.

2. How long does it take for roots to develop when propagating a Monstera?

The time it takes for roots to develop when propagating a Monstera can vary. It may take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. Factors such as temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions can influence the speed of root growth.

3. Is it possible to propagate a Monstera in water?

Yes, water propagation is a popular method for propagating Monstera plants. It involves placing a stem cutting with a node in a container of water until roots develop. Once the roots are well-established, you can transplant the cutting into soil.

4. Can I propagate a Monstera in low light conditions?

While Monstera plants prefer bright, indirect light, they can tolerate lower light conditions. However, propagation may take longer in low light, and the resulting plant may have slower growth.

It’s best to provide as much indirect light as possible for successful propagation.

5. Should I use rooting hormone when propagating Monstera?

Using rooting hormone is optional but can expedite the root development process. It contains growth-promoting substances that encourage root formation.

If you choose to use rooting hormone, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application.

6. Can I propagate a Monstera in the winter months?

Propagation can be more challenging in the winter due to lower light levels and cooler temperatures. It’s possible but may take longer for roots to develop.

Consider providing supplemental lighting and maintaining a slightly warmer environment to aid in the propagation process.

7. What should I do if my propagated Monstera isn’t growing roots?

If your propagated Monstera isn’t showing signs of root growth after several weeks, double-check that you’ve followed the proper propagation techniques.

Ensure the cutting has been provided with adequate indirect light and that the soil or water is consistently moist. Patience is key, but if no progress is made after an extended period, consider re-evaluating the conditions and potentially reattempting propagation.


Embarking on the journey of Monstera propagation is not just a gardening endeavor; it’s an opportunity to nurture and expand your green family.

By exploring the various propagation methods, from stem and leaf cuttings to utilizing aerial roots and water, you open doors to a myriad of possibilities.

Each method offers its own unique experience, allowing you to witness the wonder of new growth in different ways.

As you venture into the world of Monstera propagation, keep in mind that patience is your steadfast companion. Growth takes time, and with the right care, your efforts will be rewarded.

Watching your propagated Monstera plants establish themselves and flourish is a testament to your nurturing touch.

In time, you’ll be surrounded by a thriving Monstera family, each plant a testament to your dedication and care.

Whether you’re expanding your own collection, gifting plants to friends, or reviving a struggling Monstera, this propagation journey is a gratifying and fulfilling endeavor.

May your Monstera family bring beauty and vibrancy to your home, enriching your space and your life.

Happy propagating!

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